Organic Higland Coffee Beans - 12 Beans
Organic Higland Coffee Beans
Highland coffee, Narrow-leaf coffee, Sierra Leone coffee, Stenophylla coffee
Description: Coffea Stenophylla, also known as highland coffee is a species of Coffea originating from West Africa. The plant grows as a shrub or tree, to a height of up to 20 feet. Its berries turn a dark purple when ripe.
Category: Tropical / Tender Perennials
Height: 12 to 20 feet. (3.6 to 4.7 meters)
Spacing: 8 to 10 feet. (2.4 to 3 meters)
USDA Zone: 9b to 11
Sun: Light shade to full sun
Flower Color: White to Creamy White
Bloom Time: Mid Spring
Foliage: Grown for foliage, Evergreen, Smooth-Textured
Other details: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. This plant is suitable for growing indoors, in smaller plots, and does very well in containers and raised beds.
Soil: Loam to slightly clayey.
Soil pH: 6.4 to 7.8.
Propagation: From seed; sow indoors before last frost, transplant to exterior location after last frost.
Height & Spread: 10 to 15 feet tall to 8 to 15 feet wide:
Plant habit: Round and dense
Growth rate: Fast
Plant Texture: Medium
Leaf: 4 to 8 inches, green, minimal fall color
Fruit: Oval, .5-inch, fleshy, bright red
Discussion: This plant has outstanding ornamental features and could be planted more for it beauty and resources. Very easy to maintain indoors and out. Makes a wonderful greenhouse plant.
Uses: Dried seeds "beans" are roasted, ground, and brewed to make one of the two most important beverages in the western world. In its native Ethiopia, used as a masticatory since ancient times, it is also cooked in butter to make rich flat cakes. In Arabia a fermented drink from the pulp is consumed. Coffee is widely used as a flavoring, as in ice cream, pastries, candies, and liqueurs. Source of caffeine, dried ripe seeds are used as a stimulant, nervine, and diuretic, acting on central nervous system, kidneys, heart, and muscles. Indonesians and Malaysians prepare an infusion from dried leaves. Coffee pulp and parchment used as manures and mulches and is occasionally fed to cattle in India. Coffelite, a type of plastic, made from coffee beans. Wood is hard, dense, durable, takes a good polish, and is suitable for tables, chairs, and turnery. Coffee with iodine is used as a deodorant. Caffeine has been described as a natural herbicide, selectively inhibiting germination of seeds of Amaranthus spinosus.
Cultivation: Propagation is by seed; however, budding, grafting, and cuttings have been used by the commercial industry to increase production of plants for field use. Traditional method is to plant on virgin soil is to put 6 seeds In each hole 2 feet wide, 4 inches deep at the beginning of rainy season. Half are eliminated naturally.
Discussion: Plants may be shaded by taller trees or left unshaded. Coffee is often intercropped with food crops, such as corn, beans, or rice, during the first few years. Clean weed control is necessary throughout the entire season. Pruning is common practice in some districts. Mulches and green manure are commonly used with chemical fertilizers coming more and more into use. Typical application consists of 175 g N per bush, 100 g P, and 175 g K. P and K added in two applications and N added over a longer period with 4-5 applications. Other elements added as soils require them. Shading tends to favor leaf and shoot growth at the expense of root growth. It may be useful when plants are young, but later shading may reduce yields, especially when the trees are fertilized. Average economic age of plants 30-40 years, with some 100-year-old plantations still bearing. Trees come into bearing 2-3 years after planting and are in full bearing at 4-5 years. Fruits mature 3-5 months after flowering. Selective picking of ripe red fruits produces highest quality. Crop ripens over a period of several weeks. In Brazil all berries are stripped at one time onto ground cloths, usually in April to June; in Ethiopia, harvest season is October to December after the rainy season. Berries are dried in sun; in some humid areas, artificial heat is used. Depulping after picking is increasingly practiced.
All Other Countries
First Item: $6.99
Additional Items: $0.99
First Item: $3.99
Additional Items: $0.69
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* When applicable, all seeds are stored in temperature and humidity controlled environments. This either stratifies or partially stratifies the seeds in question. We do not, and will not, scarify seed prior to shipment. (This is done to reduce the chance of pathogens or microbes inhibiting or destroying the seed during transit.) If you have any questions regarding stratification and scarification of a particular seed, please contact me directly, and I will help you with what to do and how to do it for optimum results.
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(I am sorry if this seems blunt, but, the fees to process your payment in anythign but US Dollars is cost prohibitive
to providing you economical seeds and crafts.)
Purchased monkey puzzle tree seeds. They arrived on time and in acceptable packaging, but the seeds are way too tiny. This type of tree produces large seeds, usually 1.5 to 2 inches in length. The seeds I received where not even 1/16 of an inch.
Emailed seller twice regarding my surprise and concern and have not received a response.
My recommendation: Find another seller.