Real Turquoise & Coral Rosary Sterling 925 Silver Cross Catholic necklace

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Real Turquoise & Coral Rosary Sterling 925 Silver Cross Catholic necklace

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Valuable . Precious . Rare



Real Turquoise & Coral Beads Rosary

Sterling 925 Silver 6cm Cross


Turquoise BEAD: 8 mm

Special Flower Coral : 10mm, 925 Silver

Cross : 6cm, Sterling 925 Silver
the rosary circumference : 70cm
WEIGHT: 150 G
QUALITY: HIGH QUALITY



You are Biding on a nice Real Turquoise & Coral Rosary Sterling 925 Silver Cross It has Shaped Super Turquoise BEADS Rosary,With Each Speclal Designation Bead Being Round.Well Kept with no cracks at all.Its appearance and quality are excellent.
Offering for your spiritual life, witness wear, or gift giving, a stunning religious rosary from olden oridental. This Rosaryis so one size Fits most teens/adults,Very stylish and unique, great religious's witness wear, great prayer reminder, and thanks for looking.



I'm sorry due to the limit of my camera, I cannot present the complete beauty of this bead to you. If you have the chance to get this Rosary, please don't forget to admire it under light.This Rosary will become part of your life!

If you have any questions or you need more information about this or any other product, please email me.Please take a moment to browse through the other lovely jewelry items in my store, and add me to your list of favorites.



* Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH)8·4H2O. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue.
The substance has been known by many names, but the word turquoise was derived around 16th century from the French language either from the word for Turkish (Turquois) or dark-blue stone (pierre turquin).This may have arisen from a misconception: turquoise does not occur in Turkey but was traded at Turkish bazaars to Venetian merchants who brought it to Europe.The colour, however, has been employed extensively in the decorative tiles adorning Turkish places of worship and homes for hundreds of years, beginning with the Seljuks, and the association quite possibly has caused the name to take root.


Properties of turquoise
Even the finest of turquoise is fracturable, reaching a maximum hardness of just under 6, or slightly more than window glass. Characteristically a cryptocrystalline mineral, turquoise almost never forms single crystals and all of its properties are highly variable. Its crystal system is proven to be triclinic via X-ray diffraction testing. With lower hardness comes lower specific gravity (high 2.90, low 2.60) and greater porosity: These properties are dependent on grain size. The lustre of turquoise is typically waxy to subvitreous, and transparency is usually opaque, but may be semitranslucent in thin sections. Colour is as variable as the mineral's other properties, ranging from white to a powder blue to a sky blue, and from a blue-green to a yellowish green. The blue is attributed to idiochromatic copper while the green may be the result of either iron impurities (replacing aluminium) or dehydration.

The refractive index (as measured by sodium light, 589.3 nm) of turquoise is approximately 1.61 or 1.62; this is a mean value seen as a single reading on a gemmological refractometer, owing to the almost invariably polycrystalline nature of turquoise. A reading of 1.61-1.65 (birefringence 0.040, biaxial positive) has been taken from rare single crystals. An absorption spectrum may also be obtained with a hand-held spectroscope, revealing a line at 432 nanometres and a weak band at 460 nanometres (this is best seen with strong reflected light). Under longwave ultraviolet light, turquoise may occasionally fluoresce green, yellow or bright blue; it is inert under shortwave ultraviolet and X-rays.

Turquoise is insoluble in all but heated hydrochloric acid. Its streak is a pale bluish white and its fracture is conchoidal, leaving a waxy lustre. Despite its low hardness relative to other gems, turquoise takes a good polish. Turquoise may also be peppered with flecks of pyrite or interspersed with dark, spidery limonite veining.


sources
China has been a minor source of turquoise for 3,000 years or more. Gem-quality material, in the form of compact nodules, is found in the fractured, silicified limestone of Yunxian and Zhushan, Hubei province. Additionally, Marco Polo reported turquoise found in present-day Sichuan. Most Chinese material is exported, but a few carvings worked in a manner similar to jade exist. In Tibet, where green turquoise has long been appreciated, gem-quality deposits purportedly exist in the mountains of Derge and Nagari-Khorsum in the east and west of the region respectively.Other notable localities include: Afghanistan; Australia (Victoria and Queensland); northern Chile (Chuquicamata); Cornwall; Saxony; Silesia; and Turkestan.


History of use
The pastel shades of turquoise have endeared it to many great cultures of antiquity: it has adorned the rulers of Ancient Egypt, the Aztecs (and possibly other Pre-Columbian Mesoamericans), Persia, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and to some extent in ancient China since at least the Shang Dynasty. Despite being one of the oldest gems, probably first introduced to Europe (through Turkey) with other Silk Road novelties, turquoise did not become important as an ornamental stone in the West until the 14th century, following a decline in the Roman Catholic Church's influence which allowed the use of turquoise in secular jewellery. It was apparently unknown in India until the Mughal period, and unknown in Japan until the 18th century. A common belief shared by many of these civilizations held that turquoise possessed certain prophylactic qualities; it was thought to change colour with the wearer's health and protect him or her from untoward forces.

The Aztecs inlaid turquoise, together with gold, quartz, malachite, jet, jade, coral, and shells, into provocative (and presumably ceremonial) mosaic objects such as masks (some with a human skull as their base), knives, and shields. Natural resins, bitumen and wax were used to bond the turquoise to the objects' base material; this was usually wood, but bone and shell were also used. Like the Aztecs, the Pueblo, Navajo and Apache tribes cherished turquoise for its amuletic use; the latter tribe believe the stone to afford the archer dead aim. Among these peoples turquoise was used in mosaic inlay, in sculptural works, and was fashioned into toroidal beads and freeform pendants. The Ancestral Puebloans (Anasazi) of the Chaco Canyon and surrounding region are believed to have prospered greatly from their production and trading of turquoise objects. The distinctive silver jewelry produced by the Navajo and other Southwestern Native American tribes today is a rather modern development, thought to date from circa 1880 as a result of European influences.





In Persia, turquoise was the de facto national stone for millennia, extensively used to decorate objects (from turbans to bridles), mosques, and other important buildings both inside and out, such as the Medresseh-I Shah Husein Mosque of Isfahan. The Persian style and use of turquoise was later brought to India following the establishment of the Mughal Empire there, its influence seen in high purity gold jewellery (together with ruby and diamond) and in such buildings as the Taj Mahal. Persian turquoise was often engraved with devotional words in Arabic script which was then inlaid with gold.

The iconic gold burial mask of Tutankhamun, inlaid with turquoise, lapis lazuli, carnelian and coloured glass.
Cabochons of imported turquoise, along with coral, was (and still is) used extensively in the silver and gold jewellery of Tibet and Mongolia, where a greener hue is said to be preferred. Most of the pieces made today, with turquoise usually roughly polished into irregular cabochons set simply in silver, are meant for inexpensive export to Western markets and are probably not accurate representations of the original style.

The Egyptian use of turquoise stretches back as far as the First Dynasty and possibly earlier; however, probably the most well-known pieces incorporating the gem are those recovered from Tutankhamun's tomb, most notably the Pharaoh's iconic burial mask which was liberally inlaid with the stone. It also adorned rings and great sweeping necklaces called pectorals. Set in gold, the gem was fashioned into beads, used as inlay, and often carved in a scarab motif, accompanied by carnelian, lapis lazuli, and in later pieces, coloured glass. Turquoise, associated with the goddess Hathor, was so liked by the Ancient Egyptians that it became (arguably) the first gemstone to be imitated, the fair semblance created by an artificial glazed ceramic product known as faience. (A similar blue ceramic has been recovered from Bronze Age burial sites in the British Isles.)


The French conducted archaeological excavations of Egypt from the mid-19th century through the early 20th. These excavations, including that of Tutankhamun's tomb, created great public interest in the western world, subsequently influencing jewellery, architecture, and art of the time. Turquoise, already favoured for its pastel shades since c. 1810, was a staple of Egyptian Revival pieces. In contemporary Western use, turquoise is most often encountered cut en cabochon in silver rings, bracelets, often in the Native American style, or as tumbled or roughly hewn beads in chunky necklaces. Lesser material may be carved into fetishes, such as those crafted by the Zuni. While strong sky blues remain superior in value, mottled green and yellowish material is popular with artisans. In Western culture, turquoise is also the traditional birthstone for those born in the month of December.
In Judeo-Christian scripture




Turquoise may have significance in Judeo-Christian scripture: In the Book of Exodus, the construction of a "breastplate of judgment" is described as part of the priestly vestments of Aaron (Exodus 28:15-30). Attached to the ephod, the breastplate (Hoshen) was adorned with twelve gemstones set in gold and arranged in four rows, each stone engraved with the name of one of the Twelve Tribes of Israel. Of the four stones in the third row, the first and second have been translated to be turquoise by various scholars and English bible versions (usually not having both as turquoise at the same time); many others disagree, however.

In regard to the first of these stones, the translation is based on the Septuagint rendering the identity of the stone as chrysolithos (the masoretic text calls it tarshish, which just refers to Tarshish, a place, and gives no clue to the gem in question); at the time it was written chrysolithos did not mean Chrysolite specifically, but only golden stone (chryso-lithos). Chrysolithos is considered by scholars to possibly mean Topaz, Chrysolite, yellow Jasper, yellow Serpentine, or Turquoise - the last of these on the basis that Turquoise contains golden flecks, and that targums identified the stone as being sea coloured. Scholars favour stones which are mostly yellow as being the more likely solution, and opaque stones (Jasper or Serpentine) as more likely than translucent ones, on the consideration of nearby stones in the Hoshen.

In regard to the second of these stones, the masoretic text calls it shoham, and the Septuagint calls it Beryllios (Beryl), though elsewhere it translates shoham as onychion (Onyx), or as smaragdos (green stone). Shoham is of uncertain meaning. Following the Septuagint, some people think the stone should be an onyx (and many more traditional English versions of the Bible take this translation), but scholars think that the stone is actually Malachite (because it is green like beryl and smaragdos, cloudy as beryl can be, and in bands like onyx).



* From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia , for pickup or tracking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turquoise



10mm Red beads : Real Red Coral

*Red shades of coral are sometimes used as a gemstone, especially in Tibet. In vedic astrology, red coral represents Mars. Pure red coral is known as 'fire coral' and is very rare because of the demand for perfect fire coral in jewellery-making.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia for pickup or tracking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coral




Lourdes
Lourdes (Occitan name Lorda) is a town and commune situated in the Southwest of the Hautes-Pyrénées department, lying in the first Pyrenean foothills, in southwestern France.
It is overlooked from the south by the Pyrenean peaks of Aneto, Montaigu, and Vignemale (3,298m), while around the town there are three summits reaching up to 1,000 m, which are known as the Béout, the Petit Jer and the Grand Jer.


Lourdes was originally a small unremarkable market town lying in the foothills of the Pyrenees. At that time the most prominent feature was the fortified castle which rises up from the centre of the town on a rocky escarpment. Following the claims that there were apparitions of Our Lady of Lourdes to Bernadette Soubirous in 1858, Lourdes has developed into a major place of Christian pilgrimage.
Today Lourdes has a population of around 15,000 inhabitants but is able to take in some 5,000,000 pilgrims and tourists every season. Lourdes has the second greatest number of hotels in France after Paris with about 270 establishments.It is the joint seat of the diocese of Tarbes-et-Lourdes.





Geography
Lourdes is located in the area of the prime meridian in France. It is overlooked from the south by the Pyrennean peaks of Aneto, Montaigu, and Vignemale (3,298m), while around the town there are three summits reaching up to 1,000m which are known as the Béout, the Petit Jer (with its three crosses) and the Grand Jer (with its single cross) which overlook the town. The Pic du Jer is made accessible by the Funiculaire du Pic du Jer. The Béout was once accessible by cable car, although this has fallen into disrepair. A pavilion is still visible on the summit.


Lourdes lies at an altitude of 1,375 ft (420 m) and in a central position through which runs the fast-flowing Gave de Pau River from the south coming from Gavarnie, into which flow several smaller rivers from Barèges and Cauterets. The Gave then branches off to the west towards the Béarn, running past the banks of the grotto and on downstream to Pau and then Biarritz.


On land bordered by a loop of the Gave de Pau is an outcrop of rock called Massabielle, (from masse vieille: "old mass"). On the northern aspect of this rock, near the riverbank, is a naturally occurring, irregularly shaped shallow cave or grotto, in which the apparitions of 1858 took place.





Eau de Lourdes

Statue of Our Lady of Lourdes in the Grotto



Between 11th February and 16th July 1858, the Blessed Virgin (Our Lady of Lourdes) appeared 18 times to Bernadette Soubirous. During the 9th apparition, she followed the instructions of the Blessed Virgin and discovered a source of water at the foot of the cave of Massabielle, Lourdes.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, for tracking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lourdes




History
During the 8th century, Lourdes and its fortress became the focus of skirmishes between Mirat, the local Mohave or leader and Charlemagne, King of the Franks. Charlemagne had been laying siege to Mirat in the fortress for some time, but the Moor had so far refused to surrender. According to legend, an eagle unexpectedly appeared and dropped an enormous trout at the feet of Mirat. It was seen as such a bad omen, Mirat was persuaded to surrender to the Queen of the sky by the local bishop. He visited the Black Virgin of Puy to offer gifts, so he could make sure this was the best course of action and astounded by its exceptional beauty he decided to surrender the fort, and convert to Christianity. On the day of his baptism, Mirat took on the name of Lorus, which was given to the town, now known as Lourdes.


After being the residency of Bigorre counts, Lourdes was given to England by the Brétigny Treaty which bought a temporary peace to France during the course of the Hundred Years War with the result that the French lost the town to the English, from 1360. In 1405, Charles VI laid siege to the castle during the course of the Hundred Years War and eventually captured the town from the English following the 18 month siege. Later, during the late 16th century France was ravaged with the Wars of Religion between the Roman Catholics and the Huguenots. In 1569, Count Gabriel de Montgomery attacked the nearby town of Tarbes when Queen Jeanne d'Albret of Navarre established Protestantism there. The town was overrun, in 1592, by forces of the Catholic League and the catholic faith re-established in the area. In 1607 Lourdes finally became part of the Kingdom of France.


The castle became an Estate jail under Louis XV but in 1789, the General Estates Assembly ordered the liberation of prisoners. Following the rise of Napoleon in 1803, he again made the Castle an Estate jail. Towards the end of the Peninsular War between France, Spain, Portugal, and Britain in 1814, British and Allied forces, under the Duke of Wellington, entered France and took control of the region and followed Marshall Soult's army, defeating the French near the adjoining town of Tarbes before the final battle took place outside Toulouse on 10 April 1814 which brought the war to an end.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, for tracking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lourdes





Apparition Medal with Eau de Lourdes water

Our Lady of Lourdes water Medal




France : This distinctive nickel silver medal of shrine.Water from the REAL Miraculous Spring of Our Lady Apparitions Grotto at Lourdes, France. not the area's water reservoir.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, for tracking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lourdes



Up until 1858, Lourdes was a quiet modest sleepy county-town with a population of only some 4,000 inhabitants. The castle was occupied by an infantry garrison. The town was a place people passed through on their way to the waters at Barèges, Cauterets, Luz-Saint-Sauveur and Bagnères-de-Bigorre, and for the first mountaineers on their way to Gavarnie, when the events which were to change its history took place. On 11 February 1858, a 14-year-old local girl, Bernadette Soubirous claimed a beautiful lady appeared to her in the remote Grotto of Massabielle. The lady later identified herself as "the Immaculate Conception" and the faithful believe her to be the Blessed Virgin Mary. The lady appeared 18 times, and by 1859 thousands of pilgrims were visiting Lourdes. A statue of Our Lady of Lourdes was erected at the site in 1864. See Our Lady of Lourdes for more details on the apparations.


Since the apparitions, Lourdes has become one of the world's leading Catholic Marian shrines and the number of visitors grows each year. It has such an important place within the Roman Catholic church, that Pope John Paul II visited the shrine twice on 15th August 1983 and 14th-15th August 2004.



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, for tracking http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lourdes





Posting Despatch: I normally post within 1 working days of receiving payment and the delivery time is about 3-12 business days (I consider extra time just in case...), the beautiful item posted to you from Tibet or Shanghai.
1. Choose a Airmail postage option for your package: Estimated delivery time is 6 - 12 Days ( business Days) US$ 7.99.to United State.
2. Choose a EMS postage option for your package: Estimated delivery time is 3 - 6 Days ( business Days) US$ 20.99.to United State.
If you need something urgently, please contact me before.


Thoughts about combine shipping:If you wish to combine few items together in one shipping, please contact me before.Usually I give discounts for a few items shippings.


Unexpected problems & further information: If you have any Unexpected problems with the product, Please contact me before you hurry to use the negative feedback and I promiss to deal with the situation for your satisfaction.

Refunds & Returns: I'm happy to accept Returns, but the item MUST be returned first.If you need to return your item, please let me know via email and return the item in original condition.

Terms of Payment: I am use and recommend payment through PayPal, the fast, Payment should be received within 5 days from the date of your final purchase and cannot guarantee an item to be available if payment arrives after this time.


I am deliver to: USA CANADA MEXICO EUROPE.

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Color: Grey

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First Item: $7.99
Additional Items: $2.99

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Terms of payment----
I use and recommend payment through PayPal, the fast, easy and secure way to pay online.For cashiers check as payment, Payment should be received within 5 days from the date of your final purchase and cannot guarantee an item to be available if payment arrives after this time.

Shipping----
I am deliver to: USA CANADA MEXICO EUROPE.
Posting Despatch: I normally post within 1 working days of receiving payment and the delivery time is about 6-12 business days, the beautiful item posted to you from Los Angeles or Tibet or Shanghai.
1. Choose a Airmail postage option for your package: Estimated delivery time is 6 - 12 Days ( business Days) US$ 9.99.to United State.
2. Choose a EMS postage option for your package: Estimated delivery time is 3 - 6 Days ( business Days) US$ 20.99.to United State.
If you need something urgently, please contact me before.
Thoughts about combine shipping: If you wish to combine few items together in one shipping, please contact me before.Usually I give discounts for a few items shippings.
Unexpected problems & further information: If you have any Unexpected problems with the product, Please contact me before you hurry to use the negative feedback and I promiss to deal with the situation for your satisfaction.

Estimated delivery dates----
include seller's handling time, and will depend on shipping service selected and receipt of cleared payment .Delivery times may vary, especially during peak periods.

Return policy----
Refund will be given as: Money Back
Item must be returned within:7 days after the buyer receives it.
Return policy details:Cost of Freight to the buyer is not included in the refund. Buyer must return the goods in original condition to the seller before any refund funds will be released. Buyer must arrange and pay for the shipping cost to the seller.

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